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Kidney Stones: Common Causes And When To See A Doctor

Find answers to commonly asked questions about kidney stones.

What are Kidney Stones?

Kidney stones are made up of salts and minerals in the urine. They stick together to form small pebbles. They can small like grains of sand or as big as golf balls. They can travel out of your body through the urinary tract or stay in your body.

Kidney Stone Facts – 

There can be various reasons for the development of kidney stones, from what you eat, to genetics to certain medications.


There different types of kidney stones:

  • Calcium stones/Struvite stones/Uric acid stones/Cystine stones

  • Kidney stones are extremely common in both men and women

  • Kidney stones increase the risk of developing chronic kidney disease


Frequently asked questions

At what age do you get Kidney Stones?

Kidney stones is a complaint among people irrespective of their age, but the highest risk age group occurs between the ages of 20 to 50.

There can be various reasons for the development of kidney stones and determining the exact cause is essential to obtain proper treatment.

How long does it take for a kidney stone to pass?

It takes an average of 31 days to pass. Although stones that are 4-6 mm are likely t require some treatment.

How do I know my kidney stones have passed?

You may experience some of the following when the kidney stones have passed:

  • Severe pain in the side and back, below the ribs.
  • Pain that radiates to the lower abdomen and groin.
  • Pain that comes in waves and fluctuates in intensity.
  • Pain on urination.
  • Pink, red or brown urine.
  • Cloudy or foul-smelling urine.
  • Nausea and vomiting.